Indoor Air pollution Causes

Indoor Air pollution is the toxic gases and particles in the air that are inside our homes. We should always try to maintain air quality standards.

Reasons for Indoor Air pollution can be:

• High temperature and Humidity also are causes of indoor pollution.

• Fuel burning appliances.

• Tobacco.

• Products for house maintenance.

• Central heating and cooling systems.

• Newly fix in flooring or carpeting.

• Pesticides.

• Outdoor air pollution.

• Some sources like furnishings.

• Air fresheners.

• Malfunction of appliances.

• Smoking.

Following are the causes of Indoor Air pollution:

Carpet fumes

• Carpet emits (VOCs ) volatile organic compounds and can cause indoor air pollution.

• Ninety percent of all carpets are fabricated fibers, while the rest are natural fibers like wool.

• However, more and more carpeting is being constructed by using fabricated fabrics.

• Carpets are fixed by using adhesive and glues that contain different chemicals that can be toxic and will emit into the air and pollute indoor air quality.

• When it comes to the health of an individual that is exposed to these chemicals like volatile organic, these compounds can lead to sneezing, coughing, and respiratory diseases and difficulty in breathing.

Toxic material found in non-stick pans and pots

• All the non-stick pans and pots are coated with polytetrafluoroethylene, also known as Teflon.

• Teflon is safe and stable compound till the temperatures should do not exceed 300 C.

• If any material is coming out from the pan and ending up in your food you must replace your cookware.

• As these materials change into toxic chemicals, which can be dangerous for our health can even be a carcinogen.

• For example , if non stick pans have scratches they should be replaced too

Arts and crafts and health concerns

• Arts and crafts activities both use materials that could be serious health hazards to children and adults.

• Some types of paints, glue, model materials contain substances that can cause cancer and can damage tissues, can cause mental retardation and other health issues.

• Exposure occurs when we inhale.

• Dust , powders , vapours gases and aerosols are usually inhaled.

• Risk increases in younger kids because of their immature immune system.

House cleaners and disinfectants

• Many cleaning and household products irritate eyes, throat, or causes headaches and other health problems, including cancer.

• Some of these cleaning products release dangerous chemicals, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

• Other ingredients that cause health problems to include ammonia and bleach.

• The chemical disinfectants are chemical substances that produce toxic gases that are harmful or toxic to living organisms.

• We can use natural disinfectants like vinegar.

• Bleach can be harmful to our lungs.

• But to use them once a week is fine.

•White vinegar found in most store shelves in a five percent concentration of acetic acid. It kills 80 percent of germs and is a natural way of cleaning.

• Bleach is highly irritating for our skin, lungs, and eyes. Fumes from bleach are very potent and can cause a wide variety of health problems like asthma, coughing, shortness of breath.

• Inhaling these fumes can be the cause of cancer.

Is your dry cleaning safe?

• The primary chemical used is perchloroethylene or “perc,” Which is a “human carcinogen. “

• It can cut through grease, which is why it’s used by most of the dry cleaners.

• This “perc” can damage the brain and nervous system.

• Can also cause dizziness, drowsiness.

• “Perc” may create serious health hazards if exposure is not properly controlled.

• Dry cleaning workers who inhale excessive amounts of perc daily are at risk of developing health problems.

• Try to avoid to buy clothes with tag, Dry clean only.

• Wash cotton, linen polyester, nylon at home with machine or by hand.

• These all are the reasons of indoor pollution.

Second hand smoke should be maintained to improve air quality standards

• Smoke that comes out from burning tobacco products, such as cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, is called Second-hand smoke.

• When a person smoking the smoke that is breathed out by the person is called second-hand smoking.

• This smoke contains Tobacco, which contains thousands of chemicals, hundreds of which are toxic and causes cancer and other respiratory diseases like asthmas can even affect the heart.

• Smoke is the reason which increases bad air quality in our houses.

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Gas stoves decreases indoor air quality

• Gas stoves cooking can affect our lungs. The research shows that Gas stoves release carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and other harmful pollutants into the air, which can be detrimental to people.

• Using a wood stove or fireplace can also causes in indoor Air pollution.

• You can also experience gas leaks.

• If you are sensitive to CO , get electric stove.

• It makes no difference in cooking.

• Gas stoves emits toxins and can be dangerous if the windows aren’t open .

• Gas stoves produces bad air quality in house.

• Electric stoves don’t blow up and kill you.

• Gas stoves.

• Soot, smoke, furnace, fireplaces, and AC also can increase indoor Air pollution.

• Soot is impure carbon particles resulting from the combustion of hydrocarbons.

• Soot is the tiny black particles composed of coal, oil, wood, or other fuels.

• Inhaling these tiny particles can cause heart disease, asthma, bronchitis, and many other respiratory diseases.

• Soot is also the reason of bad air quality in house


Bad air quality in house
Bad Air Quality In House

• Smokes from cigarettes are a significant risk factor for lung disease, heart diseases, and many other cancers.

• Smoke due to the burning of coal in power plants, forests, fireplaces, or other sources is all the causes of various health problems.

• The smoke is the reason of bad air quality in our houses.


• The furnace is a container that, when heated at a very high temperature, it helps to melt metals and other substances.

• Gas furnaces leaks and cracks over time that produces carbon monoxide gas into the home, which can be deadly.

• Furnace also causes indoor air pollution.

Air conditions

• Here are some harmful effects of excess use of air conditions.

• People using too much of air conditions were found to be sluggish, lethargic .


• Air conditioning takes out humidity from the room, and we stop our water intake; by doing so, we get dehydrated.


• This is the most widely recognized reaction of staying long in an air conditioning room.

Are Air fresheners safe?

• Air fresheners increase air pollution and, especially with long term use we should reduce its use to improve indoor quality standards.

• Air fresheners release volatile organic compounds. A VOC is a type of chemical that turns into a gas quickly at room temperature.

• Chemicals in the air fresheners mixes with ozone present in the air.

• It can cause skin rashes and skin allergies.

• Breathing a small amount of spray air freshener might cause some coughing, choking, eye irritation or difficulty in breathing.

Formaldehyde fumes in furniture

• Formaldehyde is a Volatile organic compound that emits a gas at room temperature, that is regularly utilized in the assembling procedure for some family unit things like furniture, flooring, plastics, and wood and synthetic upholstery fabrics.

• Formaldehyde, preferably go away in a well- ventilated area allowing fresh air to enter the room or it or may go away with time.

• Formaldehyde is popular as a known human carcinogen.

• Prolonged exposure to formaldehyde can cause problems like sore throat, coughing, itching of eyes, nose bleeds, and some other uncomfortable feelings.

These fumes are the reasons for the bad air quality in our houses. Cause lousy air quality.

Pesticide pollution

• The effects of pesticide pollution can be cancer, leukemia, brain, kidney, breast and skin cancers, and long term respiratory diseases that can also affect our brain.

• You can minimize pesticide exposure by buying organic fruits and vegetables. You should also wash fruits and vegetables after buying them.

• Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds that may affect crops or carry diseases like malaria and typhus.

• Harmful chemicals used in deodorants, shampoo, and lotions.


• The Most common chemical ingredients used are parabens, triclosan, phthalates, parabens, glycol, and aluminum.

• Research shows that these ingredients can cause several medical conditions like cancer.


• Chemical, called Benzene used in shampoos, can harm our respiratory system.

• Formaldehyde irritates the skin and eyes.

• Isopropyl alcohol leaves our hair dry by taking out oil from scalp.

• Mineral oil and petroleum cause skin irritation, parabens risk in cancer phthalates risks cancer.

• Synthetic colors irritates skin and are carcinogenic.

• Toluene, can effect our respiratory system and are skin irritant.

• Artificial fragrance is not pleasant but if natural fragrance in shampoos won’t harm.


Reduce Indoor Air Pollution
Reduce Indoor Air Pollution

Things that should be avoided in lotions are;

• Artificial Fragrance.

• Sulphate Toluene phthalates Formaldehyde , oxybenzone.

• They all cause health problems and are the causes of indoor pollution.

Pet Dander

• It comprises tiny microscopic bits of skin shed by cats, dogs, birds, and other animals with feathers.

• This may sound like dandruff; it’s much smaller than it and cannot be seen without a microscope.

• These bits of skin contain a protein called FelD1, which is the cause of allergic reactions.

• Pet Dander also causes indoor air pollution.

Dampness in buildings and molds

• Piercing of water into the building components ( such as walls, floors, roofs, or basements) is called dampness.

• Reasons of dampness in buildings can be the cheap quality of construction material and poor structure design.

• Moist indoor materials lead to the growth of microbes such as mold, fungi, and bacteria, which emit volatile organic compounds into indoor.

• Dampness in building can cause asthma and respiratory problems.

• Buildings should be constructed by maintaining indoor Air quality standards.

• Preventing indoor pollution or ventilation to improve Air quality standards.

• Avoid to smoke indoors.

• Avoid use of carpeting if possible.

• Make sure your gas stove is well ventilated.

• Water leak should be fixed.

• To avoid pests Keep your trash covered.

• Avoid clutter.

• Take off your shoes at the door.

• Minimize the use air fresheners use.

• Clean your dust surfaces on regular basis.

• Change your bed sheets weekly.

• Make sure exhaust fans are working well in your bathrooms and kitchen.

• Taking some simple precautions can help to enhance the indoor air quality in your home and improve your health.

Thanks for reading Indoor Air pollution Causes. Hope this helps you in minimizing Indoor Air pollution.

By: Saima Ali


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